nbn™ Fibre to the Node explained (FTTN)
nbn™ FTTN made easy
All types of nbn™ broadband access network connections that utilise a physical line running to the premises are considered Fixed Line connections. An nbn™ Fibre to the Node (FTTN) connection is utilised in circumstances where the existing copper phone and internet network from a nearby fibre node is used to make the final part of the connection to the nbn™ access network.
The fibre node is likely to take the form of a street cabinet. Each street cabinet will allow the nbn™ access network signal to travel over a fibre optic line from the exchange, to the cabinet, and connect with the existing copper network to reach your premises.
Setting up your equipment
To prepare for your new nbn™ powered plan, simply set up your VDSL2 compatible modem using the instructions given by your provider – this modem should have been supplied by your provider. If you already have a modem, it must be VDSL2 compatible for it to work over the nbn™ access network.
FTTN services can deliver a range of wholesale speeds.
Your actual speeds will be affected by many factors including; how far away your premises is located from the FTTN cabinet, how your provider configures their network and manages traffic (particularly during peak periods when more people are online), equipment quality, software, signal quality, the plan you choose, the performance of your modem, Wi-Fi, cabling, and other devices in your premises.
Read more about understanding speed and how it affects you.
The location of the node may vary depending on the technology infrastructure of the area.
You can raise an objection to the location of the node with the following considerations in mind:
- nbn and its Delivery Partners have positioned the node in a place that meets network requirements, avoids significant environmental and heritage impacts, minimises impacts on surrounding properties and has the least impact on use of the road reserve.
- Relocation of a node may result in reduced service provision to other residents within an area.
- The Commonwealth Telecommunications Act gives nbn the authority to install the node in the proposed position. Under this act, nbn must issue a formal notice to the council, as they own the land, to confirm the location.
If you wish to raise an objection to the location of a node, bearing in mind the above considerations, you can contact nbn on 1800 687 626 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Please be aware that there is no guarantee the location of the cabinet will be changed.
Your local node (FTTN cabinet) is made up of multiple crucial components:
- Main Equipment Compartment: This contains the electronics and VDSL equipment.
- Battery Compartment (battery backup): This contains four batteries and two cooling vents protected by mesh, one at the front of the cabinet and one at the rear.
- Copper Cross-Connect Compartment: This contains the Copper Cross-Connect Frame (CCF) and cable entry points from underneath the cabinet that lead to the pillar.
- Heat Exchange: This contains the cooling equipment; one cooling vent protected by mesh and cable entry points from underneath the cabinet that lead to the power source and nbn distribution network. The cabinet is able to operate at temperatures of 50°C.