nbn is committed to providing access to fast, reliable and affordable broadband services throughout Australia. We currently plan to do this by utilising a mixture of the following technologies, using the best fit solution for each area. We call this our multi technology mix (MTM).
Our goal under the multi-technology mix model is to utilise a range of technologies that provide our customers, phone and internet service providers, with access to very high speeds. At a minimum our goal is for everybody to have access to a service that provides 25Mbps downstream by 2020, but ultimately, nbn aims to deliver at least 50Mbps download speeds to 90% of fixed line premises by 2020.
For each service area, we consider whether:
Fibre optic cable technology will replace some of the existing copper wire and HFC networks which use electricity to transfer data to run telecommunications services in Australia.* Fibre is inherently capable of supporting high bandwidth, which can bring a wealth of benefits including; multiple users being online at the same time and at the same fast speeds, short download time, quick upload time and a smooth online experience**. The fibre may run to the premises, or to nodes/pillars in neighbourhoods.
Fixed wireless technology can transmit data at fast speeds using radio signals instead of cables. This technology uses fixed transmission towers or base stations to communicate ‘over the air’ with nbn™ supplied equipment within the home or business. Line of sight from the tower to the equipment at the home or business is essential. Australia is a vast country with complex geography and fixed wireless technology enables us to provide access to services over the nbn™ network in locations that are difficult or not cost effective to reach with fixed line technology.
Satellite equipment is installed at the home or business in order to transmit and receive data via a satellite, named Sky Muster™, orbiting the Earth. This technology makes sense for Australia as it enables us to connect homes and businesses in the hardest to reach, primarily rural and remote areas.
* Services provided over the nbn™ network will be replacing phone and internet services provided over most of the existing landline networks, including copper and the majority of HFC networks within the fixed line footprint. Services provided over existing fibre networks (including in-building, health and education networks) and some special and business services may not be affected. To find out if your services will be affected, please contact your current phone or internet provider. For more information, visit www.nbn.com.au/switchoff or call 1800 687 626.
** Your experience including the speeds actually achieved over the nbn™ network depends on the technology over which services are delivered to your premises and some factors outside our control like your equipment quality, software, broadband plans and how your service provider designs its network.